Brussels - It is in the interest of consumers that insurance markets provide affordable and accessible insurance. However, if risk factors such as age and disability should be ruled discriminatory, as was the case for gender in the landmark ruling of the European Court of Justice in March 2011, certain types of insurance cover could become unavailable, according to the Groupe Consultatif Actuariel Européen.
Gábor Hanák, Chairman of the Groupe Consultatif, says that, “if insurers were not allowed to use age as a risk factor, there would be profound consequences for the availabilty of some types of insurance on a private voluntary basis. For example, if insurers were not allowed to offer different annuity rates for different ages, then the cost of private voluntary annuities would increase enormously, and conceivably private insurers would withdraw entirely from providing annuities. If the private insurance market were to become dysfunctional, it would not be possible for governments, in their efforts to ease the burden on public budgets, to shift responsibility from public programmes to private insurance.
The Groupe Consultatif’s position paper, released on 5 December, points out that insurance serves an important social need which can be provided through public social security systems or through private insurance markets. Where private insurance operates on a voluntary basis - meaning that consumers can choose whether to purchase insurance cover and/or choose the level of cover - differentiation between different groups of risks is necessary in order for the insurance market to function effectively. Age in particular is a key risk factor that cannot be substituted by alternative risk factors for many types of insurance in achieving the goal of providing affordable and accessible insurance.
The position paper by the Groupe Consultatif outlines the reasons why it believes the outcomes indicated above would be a real possibility if age and disability were not allowed as rating factors in insurance.