The UK Financial Reporting Council (FRC) has introduced changes to the UK Corporate Governance Code – formerly known as the Combined Code – to help company boards become more effective and more accountable to their shareholders.
Changes include "a clearer statement of the board’s responsibilities relating to risk, a greater emphasis on the importance of getting the right mix of skills and experience on the board, and a recommendation that all directors of FTSE 350 companies be put up for re-election every year" (FRC press release).
Introducing the new Code Baroness Hogg, the FRC Chairman, said:
“Under my predecessor’s wise leadership, the FRC responded to the financial crisis by examining the questions it raised about corporate governance and thoroughly reviewing the Code. We have now reconfirmed its core principles and the flexibility provided by the ‘comply or explain’ approach.
The changes we have made are designed to reinforce board quality, focus on risk and accountability to shareholders. In return, we look to see a step up in responsible engagement by shareholders under the Stewardship Code, on which we have consulted and aim to publish by the end of June.”
Changes to the Code include:
- To improve risk management, the company‘s business model should be explained and the board should be responsible for determining the nature and extent of the significant risks it is willing to take.
- Performance-related pay should be aligned to the long-term interests of the company and its risk policy and systems.
- To increase accountability, all directors of FTSE 350 companies should be put forward for re-election every year.
- To promote proper debate in the boardroom, there are new principles on the leadership of the chairman, the responsibility of the non-executive directors to provide constructive challenge, and the time commitment expected of all directors.
- To encourage boards to be well balanced and avoid “group think” there are new principles on the composition and selection of the board, including the need to appoint members on merit, against objective criteria, and with due regard for the benefits of diversity, including gender diversity.
- To help enhance the board’s performance and awareness of its strengths and weaknesses, the chairman should hold regular development reviews with each director and FTSE 350 companies should have externally facilitated board effectiveness reviews at least every three years.
The UK Corporate Governance Code, formerly known as the Combined Code, sets out standards of governance for listed companies. Companies are required either to follow the Code or explain how else they are acting to promote good governance.
The new edition of the Code will apply to financial years beginning on or after 29th June 2010.